In the past sixty-seven years, China has made a phenomenal transformation through a careful blend of capitalism and a centrally planned economy. China’s 2025 technology program and One Belt, One Road initiative underscores her ambitions for hegemony. Yet, as China takes its place in the modern world, it faces immense difficulties: a growing inequality gap, widespread corruption, and rampant pollution, all of which provoke mounting calls for political reform. The presentation will examine the future of U.S.–China relations in light of ongoing conflicts on trade, military, and other issues. We will examine China’s past, from ancient times onward, and explore its history, philosophies, and traditions to try to better understand the underlying forces that explain China today.