The representation of landscape is one of the bedrocks of Chinese art. In the eleventh century, the painter Guo Xi celebrated the strides in realism made during his lifetime, claiming that the new landscape paintings were so transporting that they were like a window onto nature. Later, as the tradition became more self-conscious, painters began to think less about fooling the eye through realism and more about the history of painting itself, creating pictures dense with references to past masters. Throughout all these changes, generation after generation has returned to landscape — to trees, streams, and mountains — finding limitless inspiration. “Walking Tour: Streams and Mountains without End: Landscape Traditions of China at the Met” is the optional companion tour to this lecture.