Surrealism represented a reaction against the rationalism that artists believed led to the horrors of WWI. Fantastical visual imagery from the subconscious mind was used with no intention of making the work logically comprehensible. Founded by writer André Breton in 1924, surrealism developed primarily in Europe, and attracted many members from the preceding dada movement. Although the surrealist works were somewhat similar to those of the mystical nineteenth century symbolist movement, the surrealists were also deeply influenced by the psychoanalytic work of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. Artists to be explored include Giorgio de Chirico, Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Joan Miró, and Max Ernst, among others. Discover how surrealism’s emphasis on positive expression transcended the boundaries of negation associated with the dadaists.